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Simple Sentences

 

What is a simple sentence?

 

A simple sentence, also called an independent clause, contains a subject and a verb, and it expresses a complete thought.

In the following simple sentences:

  • subjects are in red

  • verbs are in green.

1. Some students like to study in the mornings.

2. Matt and James play football every afternoon.

3. Paige goes to the library and studies every day.

 

The three examples above are all simple sentences.

  • Note that sentence 2 contains a compound subject, and sentence 3 contains a compound verb.

  • Simple sentences, therefore, contain a subject and verb and express a complete thought, but they can also contain compound subjects or verbs.

 

Exercise:

 

Which of the following sentences is a simple sentence?

1.The teacher walked into the classroom, greeted the students, and took attendance.

2.Juan played football while Juanita went shopping.

3.Juan played football and Juanita went shopping.

Answers:

1.The teacher walked into the classroom, greeted the students, and took attendance.

This is a simple sentence.  It contains one subject ‘teacher’ and three compound verbs: walked, greeted, took.

2.Juan played football while Juanita went shopping.

This is a complex sentence.

3.Juan played football and Juanita went shopping.

This is a compound sentence.

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